Urban Mobility: Milan 2030



Metropolitan cities worldwide are experiencing a sustained growth. By the year 2030, more than 60% of the world’s population will be living in cities. Already today, traffic in cities is breaking down during rush-hours. Congested streets and deficient parking space, air pollution and noise disturbance, and an overstrained public transport system distress commuters and derogate the quality of life of the inhabitants.

The development of sustainable mobility concepts has to be pursued together by all involved stakeholders. The focus needs to be on combining innovative concepts from research and industry with the existing infrastructure to establish win-win results for all.


“Cities should clearly define quality objectives
for both quality of life and quality of mobility”

Dr. Eckhardt, BMW Competence Center of Urban Mobility


We believe that on-demand mobility services, autonomous driving, dynamic pricing and the electrification of vehicles are the main drivers of future urban mobility. Our study, which was conducted in cooperation with the traffic department of the city of Milan, combines these drivers in the single concept of robo-taxis – demand-driven microbuses that serve individual mobility needs and complement the public transport and other mobility modes.


Robo-taxis build on the existing concepts of car-sharing and ride-hailing. While revolutionary, the full potential of these innovative concepts will only fully be tapped in combination with autonomous driving. The routes of the robo-taxis are determined through data driven algorithms that adapt continuously to the current mobility demand; the user is picked up at his desired location, and driven to his destination. Today, just over 1.2 persons are driving in a single vehicle on average in the city of Milan. Through the transportation of multiple users with similar routes, the robo-taxi concept will increase the vehicle utilization and decrease the required vehicles in Milan drastically.


“Milan has one of the highest rates of private car ownership in Europe”
Valentino Sevino, Director AMAT


The mobility concept of tomorrow for European cities should not be constraint to the scaling of existing public transport, but rather focus on the combination of classical and innovative mobility concepts. We see the introduction of robo-taxis as a more efficient usage of the existing infrastructure. Our study shows, that already roughly 9000 six-seater microbuses can reduce the individual traffic in Milan by 30%. Without adapting the public transport, the visionary goal of the metropolitan city can be reached: no traffic jams, and 40% less emissions.




A copy of the complete study “The Impact of Shared and Autonomous Robo-Taxis on Future Urban Mobility” can be obtained by contacting +49 69 907370 or by email:, quoting “Milan 2030”.